The Black Panther (T’Challa) is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer-editor Stan Lee and penciller and co-plotter Jack Kirby, he first appeared in Fantastic Four #52 (July 1966).
The character was the first black superhero in mainstream American comics, debuting years before such early African-American superheroes as the Falcon (1969), Luke Cage (1972), Green Lantern John Stewart (1971) and Black Lightning (1977). The story is depicted as the king and protector of Wakanda, a fictional African nation. Chadwick Boseman portrays Black Panther in Captain America: Civil War and will reprise the role in Black Panther and Avengers: Infinity War, set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
Co-creator Stan Lee recounted that the name was inspired by a pulp adventure hero who has a black panther as a helper. Because many people mistakenly assumed the name referenced the Black Panther Party, the character was briefly renamed the Black Leopard, which Lee said was reverted because neither the readers nor the creators cared for the new name. Jack Kirby’s original concept art for Black Panther used the concept name, “Coal Tiger.”